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MISCELLANEOUS INDIVIDUALS

Miscellaneous individuals

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Miscellaneous individuals

CP/IND/MISC. A wide range of smaller deposits are grouped here, among them an impressive collection of unpublished memoirs. These include materials of interest to historians of trade union activism, for example those of the London railway union activist, Jock Nicholson, and of one of the CPGB's large cadre force within the engineering industry, Bill McElroy. Mick Jenkins, another autobiographer, became a CPGB district secretary in the East Midlands; but perhaps the most interesting chapters of his autobiography describe the making of a young Jewish communist in his native Manchester. For historians of Jewish communism, there is a further important source in the shape of David Goldinger's autobiography, available in his original Yiddish as well as English. This recounts Goldinger's Lithuanian childhood and his service in the Tsar's armies, as well as his later involvement in the Jewish Workers' Circle and tailoring unions. There is also an unpublished biography of Helen Crawfurd, the Clydeside suffragist and ILPer who joined the CPGB on its formation, played a leading role in Workers' International Relief and was a member of the CPGB's Central Committee until her marginalisation in 1929. Idris Cox, one of the most important Welsh communists of the inter-war years, has left a shorter autobiography. For many years Cox was the CPGB's Welsh district organiser, and subsequently he worked at King Street as secretary of the International Department. E.R. Pountney, technically the proprietor of the Daily worker, left several files of documents relating to the paper as well as another of the autobiographies.

Perhaps the best-known of these mostly unpublished authors was the communist autodidact Tommy Jackson: party maverick, author of works on dialectics and Charles Dickens, and famously in need of a wash, a comb and a coat hanger. Readers of Jackson's wonderful early memoirs, Solo trumpet, will discover that its unpublished sequel, Interim report, shows many of the constraints and evasions that historical writing about the CPGB itself usually involved. There are also typescripts of the published memoirs of D.N. Pritt, the Labour MP expelled from that party for his pro-Soviet stance in 1940 and subsequently re-elected against official Labour opposition in 1945. Though Pritt never formally joined the CPGB, the memoirs were published in 1965-6 by the 'party' publishers Lawrence & Wishart, which gives an accurate enough picture of his political allegiances. However, Pritt's memoirs are, by and large, not very revealing and show little of the communists' supposed penchant for self-criticism. Other papers of Pritt's are held by the British Library of Political and Economic Science.

Other groups of papers relate to particular political or intellectual interests of their depositors. Marian Ramelson, wife of Bert Ramelson, was a pre-war Yorkshire district organiser of the CPGB, having previously attended the Lenin School. Her papers in the archive relate to her activities in the women's movement (including a notebook and diary as delegate to the Conference of Women of Asia in December 1949) and the historical researches on the women's suffrage movement, on which she was to draw for her book, Petticoat rebellion. The papers of Glyn Evans include a precious documentation relating to the Workers' Welfare League of India. Correspondence deposited by Brian Pearce and Christopher (Kit) Meredith provides a vivid insight into the opinions and expectations of younger CPGB members around the end of the Second World War.

Another deposit from an older socialist tradition is the small collection relating to John Lincoln Mahon, a steadfast follower of H.M. Hyndman and father of his namesake, the CPGB's future London organiser. The papers mainly date from after Hyndman's break with the internationalist majority of the British Socialist Party (BSP) in 1916 and document Mahon's involvement with the unfortunately named National Socialist Party and "Kill Bolshevism" fund.

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Mick Jenkins; Arthur Horner; David Goldinger; Jack Lindsay

Mick Jenkins; Arthur Horner; David Goldinger; Jack Lindsay

A collection of various autobiographical works and memoirs as well as press cuttings highlighting some of the contemporary issues affecting these indiviudals and many articles written by the individual themselves, such... (more...)

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Dorothy Grey; A. Meyler; Idris Cox; Stephen Bodington; John Lincoln Mahon; Chris Myant

Dorothy Grey; A. Meyler; Idris Cox; Stephen Bodington; John Lincoln Mahon; Chris Myant

A wealth of material spanning almost a century of activism. As well as memoirs, there is a large amount of correspondence relating to many organisations these individuals were involved with, including... (more...)

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William Zak; Michael Carritt; Maurice Reckitt; Michell Raper; Raymond Wong; Reginald Groves; Puran Chandra Joshi; Dennis Ellwand; Ernst Toller

William Zak; Michael Carritt; Maurice Reckitt; Michell Raper; Raymond Wong; Reginald Groves; Puran Chandra Joshi; Dennis Ellwand; Ernst Toller

The collection continues with a mixture of historical analyses, including William Zak's unpublished account of the Black Sea Mutiny of 1919 and Reginald Groves' The Workers and Peasants Revolt of 1381... (more...)

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Denis Noel Pritt, 1867-1972, barrister, MP and independent Labour politician

Denis Noel Pritt, 1867-1972, barrister, MP and independent Labour politician

Split into seven separate documents, the memoirs of Denis Noel Pritt collectively outline the political and legal life of a hard-line socialist. Most notably, they document his beginnings as a Barrister... (more...)

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John Burdon Sanderson Haldane; Mick Jenkins; Jack Dunman

John Burdon Sanderson Haldane; Mick Jenkins; Jack Dunman

A thematically varied group of documents, which includes correspondence between Andrew Rothstein and Douglas Calcutt - the latter of whom was a World War I veteran and involved in the soldiers'... (more...)

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Marian Ramelson nee Jessop, CP organiser and women

Marian Ramelson nee Jessop, CP organiser and women's historian

The papers of Marian Ramelson (wife of Bert Ramelson - CP-IND-RAM) include MS notes and diaries as the British delegate to the Conference of Women of Asia, 1949; papers relating to... (more...)

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Peter Kerrigan; Bill McElroy

Peter Kerrigan; Bill McElroy

Miscellaneous papers and MS autobiographical drafts of Peter Kerrigan, CP Scottish organiser, national organiser and industrial organiser; correspondence and miscellaneous papers of Bill McElroy, CP engineering union activist, West London. McElroy's... (more...)

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Jack Dunman; Len Powell; Edward Richard (Ernest) Pountney; Robert (Bob) Stewart

Jack Dunman; Len Powell; Edward Richard (Ernest) Pountney; Robert (Bob) Stewart

Further notes and correspondence primarily relating to agriculture from Jack Dunmnan. Also a collection of seven letters from W. G. Shepherd to Len Powell from Winchester prison, 1931-1933. The papers of... (more...)

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Helen Crawfurd; Thomas Alfred Jackson; Andrew Rothstein; Peter Kerrigan; Emile Burns

Helen Crawfurd; Thomas Alfred Jackson; Andrew Rothstein; Peter Kerrigan; Emile Burns

Documents include both the TS and MS versions of the autobiographies of Helen Crawfurd (c1950s) and Thomas Alfred Jackson (c1952). There are also MS notes from the journalist and author, Andrew... (more...)

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Christopher Kit Meredith, Communist, peace activist and university lecturer

Christopher Kit Meredith, Communist, peace activist and university lecturer

The bulk of the records detail personal correspondence with a number of recipients whilst serving in First Air Information Signals, Italy, 1944-1946. Additionally, there are papers relating to peace campaigns engaged... (more...)

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