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PAPERS REGARDING INDIA

Papers Regarding India

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Papers Regarding India

The development of Trade Unionism is a key theme in these items as they explore the formation of the All India Trades Union Federation followed by the conflict between this organisation and the All Indian Trades Union Congress. These developments are accompanied by contemporary press coverage of the ongoing dispute between mill owners and mill workers; the strikes themselves mainly preceding the Trade Disputes Bill which is also covered by press cuttings in this selection. The Communists found support amongst the Students' Unions of Cawnpore and Bombay; while the reports from the Federation of Indian Students Societies are rather less conclusive on this front.

The press cuttings relating to the fight for self-governance in India reveal three core parties embroiled in this dispute. The Unity and Self-Rule campaign headed by Mahatma Ghandi, though much maligned in the press of the day, sought national unity and democratic rule; the pro-colonialist side is most visible through the sentiments expressed in opposition to the other campaigns through the media of the day; as the Self-Governance and Separatist movement, aided by the sentiments which fuelled the Bombay Riots that caused 12,000 deaths, called for the self-rule of a wholly Muslim state composed of those parts of India with the greatest concentration of Muslims.

The media campaigns for Socialism and for Communism incorporate papers, journals and statements dedicated to espousing workers' rights. From media coverage of the Meerut trial to copies of Karl Marx's article on India, the AITUC's representation to Nehru, and Bradley's apparent decision to defend Communism in court rather than himself, many of the methods used to get the message across are included here. Bradley's final years and legacy are revealed through his research, from his tour of China in order to report on working conditions and Co-Operatives there to his manuscript notes on the history of Amalgamated Engineers Union.

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